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Basic definitions

Migrant worker

“A person who is to be engaged, is engaged or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a State of which he or she is not a national.”

IOM, 2021, p. 136

International migrant workers

“International migrant workers are defined as migrants of working age, who during a specified reference period, were in the labor force of the country of their usual residence, either in employment or in unemployment.”

ILO, 2021, p. 11


“Persons recognized as refugees, by a State or the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, on the basis of objective criteria related to the circumstances in their country of origin, which justify a presumption that they meet the criteria of the applicable refugee definition.”

IOM, 2021, p. 171

Asylum seeker

A person who seeks international protection, applying for refugee status in the territory where she seeks asylum. Thus, in countries with individualized procedures, an asylum seeker is a person whose claim has not yet been definitively decided by the country in which she filed it.

IOM, 2021; Wihtol de Wenden, 2019

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